MySql Date_Format Function

Introduction to MySQL DATE_FORMAT function
To format a data value to a specific format, you use the DATE_FORMAT function. The syntax of the DATE_FORMAT function is as follows:

DATE_FORMAT(date,format)

DATE_FORMAT
(date,format)

TheDATE_FORMAT
function accepts two arguments:

  • date: is a valid date value that you want to format
  • format: is a format string that consists of predefined specifiers. Each specifier is preceded by a percentage character ( %). See the table below for a list of predefined specifiers.

The DATE_FORMAT function returns a string with character set and collation that depend on the settings of the client’s connection.

The following table illustrates the specifiers and their meanings that you can use to construct date format string:

Specifier Meaning
%a Three-characters abbreviated weekday name e.g., Mon, Tue, Wed, etc.
%b Three-characters abbreviated month name e.g., Jan, Feb, Mar, etc.
%c Month in numeric e.g., 1, 2, 3…12
%D Day of the month with English suffix e.g., 0th, 1st, 2nd, etc.
%d Day of the month with leading zero if it is 1 number e.g., 00, 01,02, …31
%e Day of the month without leading zero e.g., 1,2,…31
%f Microseconds in the range of 000000..999999
%H Hour with 24-hour format with leading zero e.g., 00..23
%h Hour with 12-hour format with leading zero e.g., 01, 02…12
%I Same as %h
%i Minutes with leading zero e.g., 00, 01,…59
%j Day of year with leading zero e.g., 001,002,…366
%k Hour in 24-hour format without leading zero e.g., 0,1,2…23
%l Hour in 12-hour format without leading zero e.g., 1,2…12
%M Full month name e.g., January, February,…December
%m Month name with leading zero e.g., 00,01,02,…12
%p AM or PM, depending on other time specifiers
%r Time in 12-hour format hh:mm:ss AM or PM
%S Seconds with leading zero 00,01,…59
%s Same as %S
%T Time in 24-hour format hh:mm:ss
%U Week number with leading zero when the first day of week is Sunday e.g., 00,01,02…53
%u Week number with leading zero when the first day of week is Monday e.g., 00,01,02…53
%V Same as %U; it is used with %X
%v Same as %u; it is used with %x
%W Full name of weekday e.g., Sunday, Monday,…, Saturday
%w Weekday in number (0=Sunday, 1= Monday,etc.)
%X Year for the week in four digits where the first day of the week is Sunday; often used with %V
%x Year for the week, where the first day of the week is Monday, four digits; used with %v
%Y Four digits year e.g., 2000, 2001,…etc.
%y Two digits year e.g., 10,11,12, etc.
%% Add percentage (%) character to the output

The following are some commonly used date format strings:

DATE_FORMAT string Formatted date
%Y-%m-%d 7/4/2013
%e/%c/%Y 4/7/2013
%c/%e/%Y 7/4/2013
%d/%m/%Y 4/7/2013
%m/%d/%Y 7/4/2013
%e/%c/%Y %H:%i 4/7/2013 11:20
%c/%e/%Y %H:%i 7/4/2013 11:20
%d/%m/%Y %H:%i 4/7/2013 11:20
%m/%d/%Y %H:%i 7/4/2013 11:20
%e/%c/%Y %T 4/7/2013 11:20
%c/%e/%Y %T 7/4/2013 11:20
%d/%m/%Y %T 4/7/2013 11:20
%m/%d/%Y %T 7/4/2013 11:20
%a %D %b %Y Thu 4th Jul 2013
%a %D %b %Y %H:%i Thu 4th Jul 2013 11:20
%a %D %b %Y %T Thu 4th Jul 2013 11:20:05
%a %b %e %Y Thu Jul 4 2013
%a %b %e %Y %H:%i Thu Jul 4 2013 11:20
%a %b %e %Y %T Thu Jul 4 2013 11:20:05
%W %D %M %Y Thursday 4th July 2013
%W %D %M %Y %H:%i Thursday 4th July 2013 11:20
%W %D %M %Y %T Thursday 4th July 2013 11:20:05
%l:%i %p %b %e, %Y 7/4/2013 11:20
%M %e, %Y 4-Jul-13
%a, %d %b %Y %T Thu, 04 Jul 2013 11:20:05

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